Tag Manned Space Mission

Apollo Mars

This footage of the Apollo 11 launch in combination with Holst’s Mars is glorious. Those wonderful F-1 engines have never looked better. (Last post on this topic for awhile, I promise.)

Apollo Saturn

The interior of a Saturn F-1 engine

Detail of stage wiring -- possibly from test stage S-II-F/D

Detail of what may be test stage S-II-F/D

Below the launch stack, there was no sign, no marker. Our faces turned up into the glare of the sun, eyes straining to discern every rough but elegant line, every component describing the soul of a machine built to create an arc to the moon.

I knew the name Saturn before I could read.

( Is it not natural to wonder if she only sleeps? In sleep, does she dream of the sky? )

1965 Voskhod 2 Stamps

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Commanded by Pavel Belyayev and piloted by Alexei Leonov, Voskhod 2 was launched into orbit on March 18, 1965. Alexei Leonov became the first man to walk in space at 08:34.51 UTC — 90 minutes into the mission. This first, tentative spacewalk was reportedly plagued with problems. For example, due to over-pressurization of his spacesuit and a bad boarding procedure, Leonov briefly became stuck in the airlock and had difficulty re-entering the Voskhod 2 spacecraft.

1964 Voskhod 1 Stamps

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These stamps appear to depict the crew of the 1964 Voskhod 1 space flight: Vladimir Komarov, Konstantin Feoktistov, and Boris Yegorov. This was the first multi-person space flight.

Notice the strong left-to-right diagonal composition in both of these stamps. In cultures which parse lines of text from left to right, a line angled such that the left is lower than the right is interpreted as rising and emotionally uplifting.

This compositional approach is useful when an artist or designer wishes to intimate a positive future.

When reversed — such that the left is higher than the right — this is useful to intimate a positive past.

(Take a look at the last few posts regarding these vintage CCCP stamps — you may notice this compositional approach repeated quite a lot.)

1963 Vostok 5, Vostok 6 Stamps

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Vostok 5 — piloted by Valery Bykovsky — and Vostok 6 — piloted by Valentina Tereshkova — were, like Vostok 3 and Vostok 4, a joint manned space flight.

Valentina Tereshkova was the first female cosmonaut.

1963 Vostok 3, Vostok 4 Stamps

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Vostok 3 — piloted by Andrian Nikolayev — and Vostok 4 — piloted by Pavel Popovich — were the first manned space missions to orbit the Earth simultaneously and share communication by radio.